Botticelli’s “Primavera”

12 Feb

Primavera, known also as Allegory of Spring, is a painting by Sandro Botticelli that was created during the Italian Renaissance in the year of 1482, in Uffizi, Florence. This painting is a group of mythological figures in a garden. It depicts the figure Mercury on the far left of the painting. He is blowing the winter clouds out of the way to let the spring cloud come through. The character above Venus (in the center) is Cupid. On the far right of the painting is Flora. This shows the story of when Flora’s former self, Chloris, was in the woods and the wind god, Zephyr, raped her. In order to prove that he was sorry, Zephyr married Chloris, this is when she became Flora, the goddess of flowers (as you can see by the flowers escaping from her mouth). The plants the surround Venus prove that she is fertile. The Three Graces, standing the left of Venus, symbolize that she desires marriage and is child bearing. The oranges in the painting represent love. This connects to the Medici family, as there was an orange grove on the family estate. Not a lot of the history of this painting is known, but it was commissioned by a member of the Medici family. The article “Paintings by Sandro Botticelli”, states that, “Botticelli chose to center his mythology work on what the Medici family requested, especially the younger generation” (Rymer). The painting hung in a bedroom of the Medici family member. This painting is gorgeous. The figures in it catch my attention along with the color choice. The details from the small flowers to the wrinkles in the clothing are outstanding and beautiful. This painting is definitely one of my favorites out of all Italian Renaissance and Northern Renaissance visual artwork.

Works Cited

Botticelli, Sandro. Primavera. 1482. Uffizi, Florence. Wikipedia. MediaWiki, 26 Apr. 2010. Web. 12 Feb. 2011.

Rymer, Eric. “Paintings by Sandro Botticelli.” World History by History Link 101. Web. 12 Feb. 2011.    htm.


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